The Republic of Zaire was the name of the present Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) between 1971 and 1997. The name of Zaire derives from the Portuguese: Zaire, itself an adaptation of the Kongo word nzere or nzadi, or 'the river that swallows all rivers'.
The former country of Rhodesia, through another complex history of colonialism, became Northern and Southern Rhodesia with the Northern taking on the new name of Zambia with its independence in 1964. This name was derived from the the Zambezi River, which may mean God's River, which flows through the western region of the country.
Southern Rhodesia did not gain international recognition of its independence until 1980 when it changed its name to Zimbabwe. Various sources hold that the name Zimbabwe is derived from dzimba-dza-mabwe, translated from the Karanga dialect of Shona as 'large houses of stone'. Another theory claims that Zimbabwe is a contracted form of dzimba-hwe which means 'venerated houses' in the Zezuru dialect of Shona, and is usually applied to chiefs' houses or graves.